How to treat a cat with diabetes: Steps to follow
The goal of treatment for a feline with diabetes is preserve your quality of life the maximum possible. It is about minimizing the complications derived from diabetes without causing hypoglycemia and stopping the symptoms of the disease: excess water consumption, very frequent urination, weight loss and increased appetite.
If diabetes mellitus is not controlled, it can lead to a serious problem called diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic coma, if this is the case, you will have to go to the emergency room immediately. Through insulin therapy Other complications such as hindlimb weakness can also be minimized.
The key to feline diabetes treatment is to follow a constant care routine. Between insulin injections, feeding and routine glucose level controls, you can keep your cat’s disease under control.
It will be the veterinarian who determines the correct dose of insulin for your feline, each cat has different requirements that are based on their weight and their specific needs. The initial dose of insulin is calculated based on the weight of your cat, and your doctor will monitor the effect of these first injections. He will ask you to watch your cat to see if he urinates or drinks less.
The veterinarian will check the blood glucose levels, and will also examine the presence or absence of ketone bodies and glucose in the urine. With this information, the professional will be able to adjust the doses of medication until the appropriate and effective dose is achieved for your cat.
In complex cases, your cat may have to be hospitalized to carefully observe the effects of insulin on its health. After these beginnings there will come a time when you will have to follow a maintenance treatment marked by your trusted veterinarian.
The maintenance of the treatment will consist of continuing with the prescribed doses of insulin and a series of guidelines or recommendations to follow a specific diet. You will have to keep in close contact with your veterinarian, since he will be the one who sets the dates to do specific checks. For these check-ups, urine or blood samples will be needed to see the progress of your pet.
To control your cat with diabetes, apart from having a long-term commitment to the care of your cat, you will need to have at home veterinary exclusive insulinsyringes to administer the dose, monitoring utensils, glucose source and the recommended veterinary prescription feed.
feeding It is one of the most important care for your cat. The daily dose of insulin is adjusted to meet your pet’s energy needs, so diet is critical to his health. Your cat will have to be regularly fedin small portions and at the same times of the day.
The ideal diet for a feline with diabetes should contain a good quality protein that is easily digestible and low in fat. Talk to your vet for advice on the special feed for your cat and follow his instructions.
If your animal is also overweight, it is recommended that it start with a weight control diet to gradually lower it, this weight loss will help to better control diabetes. Obese cats may have insulin resistance, making therapy less effective and requiring higher doses. Weight loss should be gradualyou will have to give him two thirds of the recommended dose of food until they reach their ideal weight, otherwise, if your cat is thinner than normal, your doctor will recommend a diet to regain weight.
In the treatment of your cat’s diabetes, monitoring is essential, it is normal for the your pet’s insulin needs change over time even after a period of stability. This may be due to weight changes, altered activity levels, the presence of other medical conditions, and other treatments. For this reason, you must continue to monitor your cat’s progress and consult your veterinarian in case there are sudden or unusual changes.
The controls will include examinations of the urine and blood samples to check the concentration of ketones and glucose. With these data it will be possible to blood glucose level curve to determine a new dose of insulin. You should never alter dosages without consulting your vet.
Once your pet is stable on insulin, your cat can lead a healthy and happy life by your side. The life expectancy of a diabetic cat, if you take good care of it, is very similar to that of any other healthy feline, if you follow all the treatment guidelines indicated by the veterinarian, everything will go smoothly.
That’s why stay by your pet’s side giving him all the medical attention and love he needs, and you’ll see how he recovers little by little.
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