How to treat asthma in cats: Steps to follow
1. The asthma is a respiratory allergic disease caused by the oppression of the bronchi or pathways of entry and exit of air. These ducts are responsible for transporting air from the trachea to the lungs, they play a fundamental role in the respiratory process. The narrowing of these pathways occurs when the immune system reacts to the presence of an allergen.
A cat suffering from asthma reacts by releasing stimulants that inflame the tissue of the bronchial tubes, causing the surrounding muscles to contract. The dangerous consequence for your cat’s health is that his tract becomes irritated, narrowed and, therefore, he will begin to breathe very hard, especially when you exhale or expel the air to the outside. In the following article you can learn about How to know if your cat has asthma.
2. There are different degrees of severity of asthma:
- A first mild degree of feline asthma occurs when asthma attacks or coughs are intermittent, not daily, and do not interfere with your pet’s routine.
- The level two or moderate asthma This is when the attacks are stronger, even if they are not daily, and begin to affect their normal life.
- The level three or severe asthma This is when your cat starts with serious respiratory problems and suffers from them on a daily basis. This last level can put his life at serious risk, in fact the irritation and contraction of the bronchi can be fatal, since not enough oxygen will reach his lungs. In the latter case, your cat’s lips and nose will have a bluish color due to lack of oxygen.
Whatever the level of asthma, you should go to the vet to track your condition, find out the causes and improve your quality of life. Think that the symptoms can worsen over time, so you have to be careful to treat the problem in time.
3. Asthma is nearly impossible to cure, although there is a small chance that the allergens causing the symptoms will be identified. Asthma is a disease that must be treated, ignoring the symptoms is useless. And it is more when it is not treated, the signs can decrease or increase naturally and spontaneously. Once your cat has been diagnosed, you should start a Pharmacotherapy which must be linked to additional support measures.
4. One has to avoid any type of environmental irritation, and this includes tobacco, dust, all types of fumes, aerosols, candles, among others. You must be very careful with the air conditioning filters and clean them frequently. In addition, it is important to ventilate the sanitary trays and all environments well. It is recommended that you vacuum frequently, being careful when cleaning dust from home and trying to avoid sudden changes in ambient temperature.
5. It is important that control your cat’s diet, especially if you are overweight, because abdominal or chest fat deposits are an obstacle to correct breathing. Along with weight control, it is recommended that your cat get some light exercise, just motivate his hunting instinct by hiding food or toys to stimulate his interest.
6. Apart from the guidelines that we have indicated, the drug treatment It will vary depending on the severity of the asthma. It usually includes drugs such as corticosteroids to reduce bronchial inflammation, as well as bronchodilators to expand the airways and make it easier for all the necessary oxygen to enter your body. This type of treatment can be administered at home but always under the supervision of your veterinarian.
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