How to treat gingivitis in cats: Steps to follow
1. The feline gum disease It is a disease that causes severe inflammation of the gums of your feline, causes excessive drooling, dental deterioration and can even cause loss of appetite and weight loss. When a cat has this disease, oral pain will prevent him from even eating because of all the discomfort.
The cause of gum disease It can be associated with different factors such as those indicated below:
- eat a bland diet
- Having poor prophylactic dental hygiene
- immunological origin.
- It can be caused by the toxins that live in dental plaque and the irritation is a consequence of tartar.
- According to scientific studies, this periodontal disease can be the cause of type I or III autoimmune conditions that are caused by the activity of bacteria in your cat’s body.
2. There is no specific cure for feline chronic gingivitis, there are several methods of treating the disease. Once diagnosed, it is necessary to assess the different treatments with a specialist and be clear that, despite the measures, there may be relapses. From the pharmacological point of view, broad-spectrum antibiotics can be administered by injection, the most common are amoxicillin, clindamycin and metronidazole, among others.
On the other hand, the disease can also be treated with immunosuppressive drugs such as cyclosporine, megestrol acetate or prednisone, among other options. Drug treatment should be prescribed and prescribed by your veterinariannever medicate your cat on your own under any circumstances.
3. The feline gingivitis treatment should include monitoring and control of the cat to observe all associated side effects such as hair growth and weight gain among others. It is very important that you have a complete oral hygiene and constant for the health of your cat; The use of gels, toothpaste, sprays and even specific rinses for pets is recommended to prevent the formation of plaque, tartar and also to control derived infections. At OneHowTo we tell you how to clean a cat’s teeth.
In many cases, it is necessary to perform a dental cleaning or odontexis with restoration to extract the most eroded teeth in the subgingival area and it is also very effective to perform a gingivectomy to remove the injured tissue. When cats do not respond well to this treatment, all the teeth of the cheeks are usually extracted to improve the general state of health, although it is an operation that has certain risks that must be taken into account, such as mouth ulcers, stomatitis, endocarditis, among others.
4. For the treatment of gingivitis to be successful, your cat’s teeth must be cleaned daily. With correct and frequent dental hygiene you will reduce the excess or even the appearance of dental plaque and thus avoid or reduce the corrosive effect of tartar on the teeth.
Another precaution that must be taken into account since periodontal disease can have relation to diet, is that most of your feline’s diet is dry food. This type of food instead of wet food has a prophylactic effect on your pet’s teeth.
It is also recommended that as a puppy get your cat used to taking pieces of carrot or apple as rewards because, being pieces of hard food, they fulfill a function similar to brushing and reduce the accumulation of plaque on the teeth. If you still don’t like it or it doesn’t suit you, there are snacks on the market designed for your cat’s oral hygiene.
5. Gingivitis is a chronic disease but it is reversible if an appropriate treatment is carried out, since with the elimination of the plaque the inflammation that your cat suffers in the gums will be cured. With a treatment based on the surgical removal of tartar, daily oral hygiene and the use of the medications indicated by your veterinarian, you will get your cat to recover.
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